Retrieving database information in Oracle
Created 12 April 2006 00:00
Here are some useful queries when you're looking at an Oracle database:

Getting Table Information

SELECT table_name, owner, tablespace_name FROM all_tables

Getting Column Information

SELECT column_name, table_name, data_type, data_length FROM user_tab_columns
Oracle text queries : basic full text searches
Created 28 April 2006 00:00
Text queries are a very complex subject in Oracle, but briefly, the following is enough for a basic full text search. The example searches help text in a table called "help_topic" with the column "help_text".

Creating the index

CREATE INDEX help_text_idx ON help_topic (help_text) INDEXTYPE IS CTXSYS.CONTEXT;

Running queries against the index

Placing a "?" in front of each word in the query enables a fuzzy search (i.e. words close to the fuzzy word - "?dog" finds "doug", "dojo", "dogs", "dog", etc.)

-- OR query
SELECT SCORE(1) AS score, help_text from help_topic 
WHERE CONTAINS(help_text, '?princesses | ?dogs',1) > 0
ORDER BY SCORE(1) DESC;

-- AND query
SELECT SCORE(1) AS score, help_text from help_topic 
WHERE CONTAINS(help_text, '?cats & ?dogs', 1) > 0
ORDER BY SCORE(1) DESC;
		   
-- phrase
SELECT SCORE(1) AS score, help_text from help_topic 
WHERE CONTAINS(help_text, '"some arbitrary text"', 1) > 0
ORDER BY SCORE(1) DESC;

Rebuilding the index

Whenever the underlying data changes you will need to rebuild your index, like so:

ALTER INDEX help_text_idx REBUILD NOPARALLEL

Resync the index

When you add or update records, this call is an extremely fast way of resyncing the index. This should only be called at the end of a transaction (not with every add/delete) and will result in fragmentation - you should optimize or rebuild your index regularly.

EXEC CTX_DDL.SYNC_INDEX('my_index');

Optimising the index

This can be done with FAST, FULL, or TOKEN - FAST is obviously the quickest and compacts fragmented rows, but it does not remove old data.

EXEC CTX_DDL.OPTIMIZE_INDEX('my_index','FAST');