I wanted to build a Visual Studio solution using MSBuild using a Powershell script. Surprisingly, I couldn't find a reference on the web that actually worked for me. I thought I'd post it here for future reference, as it applies to the execution of any executable from within Powershell. It was "Invoke-Expression" that I hadn't used before.
$baseDir = "C:\Test"
$outputFolder = $baseDir + "Output"
$msbuild = "C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v3.5\MSBuild.exe"
$options = "/noconsolelogger /p:Configuration=Release"
$releaseFolder = $baseDir + "MyProject\bin\Release"
# if the output folder exists, delete it
# make sure our working directory is correct
# create the build command and invoke it
# note that if you want to debug, remove the "/noconsolelogger"
# from the $options string
$clean = $msbuild + " ""MySolution.sln"" " + $options + " /t:Clean"
$build = $msbuild + " ""MySolution.sln"" " + $options + " /t:Build"
# move all the files that were built to the output folder